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Head Injury

A head injury can range from a mild bump to a more serious condition like a concussion. Here's what you should do as first aid for a head injury:


1. Assess the Situation:

- Ensure your safety and the safety of the injured person.
- Check if the person is conscious and responsive. Ask questions like "Are you okay?" and "What happened?"
- Look for signs of a more severe head injury, such as confusion, vomiting, severe headache, dizziness, or loss of consciousness.


2. Call for Medical Help:

- If the person experiences loss of consciousness, seizures, persistent confusion, vomiting, severe headache, unequal pupil size, or any other concerning symptoms, call emergency medical services (911 or your local emergency number) immediately.


3. Keep the Person Still:

- If the person is unconscious or severely injured, avoid moving them unless necessary for safety reasons.


4. Stabilize the Head and Neck:

- If you must move the person, especially if there is a risk of spinal injury, keep their head, neck, and spine in alignment. Support their head and neck to prevent movement.


5. Apply Pressure for Bleeding:

- If there is bleeding from a scalp wound, apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth to control the bleeding. Do not press directly on the wound if you suspect a skull fracture.


6. Keep the Person Comfortable:

- Help the person lie down in a comfortable position, and cover them to keep warm if necessary.


7. Monitor and Reassure:

- Keep a close eye on the person's condition, and provide reassurance. Let them know that help is on the way.


8. Do Not:

- Do not remove a helmet if the person was wearing one during the injury.
- Do not apply direct pressure or manipulate the skull if you suspect a skull fracture.
- Do not give the person food or drink if there is a chance of surgery being needed.


Remember, head injuries can be serious, and it's important to prioritize the person's safety and wellbeing. If in doubt, it's always better to seek medical attention. If the person exhibits any severesymptoms or signs of a more serious head injury, do not hesitate to call for professional medical help

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Created : Aug 15, 2023 10:06pm
Last updated : May 27, 2024 11:42am